The breed is critically endangered of extinction with latest estimated of total population of about 1000 heads (Rege, 1999).
Confined to the Singida region of central Tanzania.
The Small East African Zebu are believed to have descended from the recent introductions of zebu into Africa from Asia, and some may have ancestral linkages with cattle of the Large East African Zebu group. The breeds or strains that belong to Tanganyika Zebu have broad genetic and phenotypic diversity, and are dispersed throughout mainland Tanzania, but mainly in the Dodomo area of central Tanzania. They are named after tribal groups or locations (Rege and Tawah, 1999).