Albumin (g/100ml)

Albumin is the water soluble, globular protein that is usually identifiable as a single discreet molecule. It is the most prominent of the serum proteins in animals and constitutes between 35 to 50% of the total proteins. It is often described as the only discreet protein species which can be detected by serum protein fractionation and starch-gel-electrophoresis allowing detection of genetic polymorphisms of albumin. It is the most osmotically active plasma protein due to its abundance and small size. By binding to several plasma constituents including hormones it helps solubilise substances in plasma that are otherwise only sparingly soluble and permits their effective transport (Kaneko, 1980).
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