Long sickle- or lyre-shaped horns; very small cervico-thoracic hump; coat colour is usually brown but red, red-and-white and black-and-white are also common.
Inhabit the Ruzizi valley and in the mountains to the west of the Ruzizi river between Lake Kivu and Lake Tanganika, near the border of the DR Congo with Rwanda and Burundi.
The original cattle were brought to western and southern Uganda by Hamitic tribes migrating from north-eastern Africa and possibly the Sahel in the 13th and 14th centuries. The Ankole cattle with their characteristic long horns probably evolved in around present-day Uganda, and developed further into the five breeds of this Sanga group. The Ruzizi cattle are a strain of the Watusi breed. Tutsi (Watusi) people arrived with their massive horned Ankole cattle in present-day Rwanda and Burundi around the 14th century. The Ruzizi cattle are considered to be the best developed Watusi cattle (Rege and Tawah, 1999).